>> hello and welcome to "the journal" from berlin. thanks for joining us. bosniaup on the program, is holding commemorations to mark the assassination that sparked world war i while serbs celebrate the assassin. the ukrainian government's cease-fire with pro-russian separatists seems to be holding though there are still isolated incidents of violence. british prime minister david ounds afterks his w being defeated in the battle over whether jean-claude juncker should be a you commission president.
-- e.u. commission president. politicians and locals in sarajevo are marking the assassination of archduke frantz ferdinand of the austro-hungarian empire that changed the course of the wanted century. he and his wife were shot in the center of sarajevo 100 years ago to this day. be assassination triggered a chain of events that led to , whose repercussions are still being felt today. going to bless we hope to talk to our correspondent in sarajevo to get more on the story and find out what is happening. we are having problems getting to our correspondent. we are going to iran to a
special concert being held in the old city hall of sarajevo as part of the commemorations that triggered the first world war. the concert is with the vienna philharmonic orchestra. included in ar is call for unity in a country that is deeply divided. is the final rehearsal for andbosnian choir conductor the singers of the sarajevo national theater. the old city hall is just a few meters from the bridge were archduke frantz ferdinand was shot dead 100 years ago. from here, the choir and philharmonic orchestra will send it out -- send out a message of peace. the city hall is the last place ferdinand visited before his assassination.
it is also the first building the serbian troops completely destroyed in 1992 when the bosnian war broke out. at the time, it served as a library with thousands of rare books and manuscripts. we carry the burden of the bosnian war. but we don't want to think about the war all the time. we want to move forward and be known in europe for our peace and for living together with people from different cultures. >> the choir is a good example of that in itself. she is a bosniak. she sings with croats, serbs, and people of other backgrounds. but there are still political tensions in the country. have our correspondent who is following the commemorations in sarajevo. he joins us now. let's talk about the assassin. as anviewed by many serbs heroic fighter against the austro-hungarian rule.
others have condemned him as a terrorist. even 100 years on, there's still quite a dispute and tensions in the region. >> absolutely. only yesterday in the serb dominated eastern part of sarajevo, the president of the serbian part of bosnian unveiled a monument. that led to discussion on whether he is a hero or a terrorist. many people in the main part of sarajevo say. where passed the building the archduke was assassinated 100 years ago. flowersople laying down to make sure tourists and locals discussing even today this issue
which is a follow-up of the overall discussions of bosnia and sarajevo -- serbia during the last month. >> i see people are setting up behind you for some sort of celebration or commemoration. what is planned for today? >> behind me is the old city play with they will the choir of the national theater in sarajevo. me is a verybehind emotional building for many. it was one of the first buildings during the war in 1992 that was totally destroyed with a lot of books of latin and serb books. it was the symbol of multicultural living together and peaceful living together in sarajevo. it was destroyed in 1992.
many people i talked to are very happy to go there again and see this building has been rebuilt. >> it a certain historical and an historical day as well. thank you. a fragile cease-fire agreement in eastern ukraine appears to be holding although there have been isolated incidents of violence reported. president poroshenko has agreed to extend the truce for another three days saying he is hoping for progress on his peace plan. moscow seems to be supporting the cease-fire and a long-term peace deal. the western powers are still threatening sanctions against russia if it interferes in ukraine. military saidan it regained control of this checkpoint before president poroshenko extended the cease-fire until monday evening. whatleased a video saying it says was the aftermath of an attack as evidence the
pro-russian separatists violated the cease-fire. the truce has held, but there have been some violations. the prime minister of the donetsk people's republic says he is willing to talk. >> the cease-fire has not been very successful so far. the fighting has continued. but it has given us a reason to continue the dialogue. we confirm the extension of the cease-fire. they were ready to exchange prisoners with the a visitnt and to allow from the organization for security and cooperation in europe to visit posts along the russian border. vladimir putin called for a long-term cease-fire in ukraine saying this was an important condition for peace talks. the e.u. is threatening russia with more crippling sanctions if it does not do more to rein in the rebels in eastern ukraine. >> let's find out how moscow is reacting to that. we are joined by our
correspondent standing by. as heard in that report, the e.u. is threatening further sings and skin russia --against russia. does moscow feel pressured? >> moscow does feel pressured by a new round of sanctions. they want to avoid them. there has been a change in how perceived.ns are some high-ranking officials have been shrugging them off. now they have completely changed. russia has admitted it would be a blow to the economy. there's already an exit this of capital and negative forecast for the russian economy, which is always fast going. it is a catastrophe. on friday evening, the russian economy minister said we are preparing for new sanctions, for the worst-case. that would be if the exports of gas and oil would be affected. russia at this stage does not
really believe the european union will follow through with that because the ties are so close. they think it will be the european union talking the u.s. out of a new round of sanctions. willingnessmum of to talk from the kremlin is due to the fact russia was to avoid sanctions -- wants to avoid sanctions. is supportingutin the current cease-fire and long-term peace plan. do you think is open to de-escalate the situation? does he have another strategy? >> at the moment, it does seem putin does want to avoid further escalation of the conflict. that is also not in the interest of the kremlin. experts with ties to the kremlin understands the west makes russia responsible for the situation in ukraine. the worse it gets, the more probable are sanctions. that is why russia wants to
de-escalate and wants negotiations. they hope with negotiations they can pursue their interests in eastern ukraine. >> thank you. even with all of its international importance, ukraine was only a minor topic at the european union summit in brussels. the main focus was the fight over john card juncker -- jean-claude juncker. despite opposition from written, you will because -- he will become commission president. with the debate about juncker over, attention is turning to the political fallout. >> in the end, david cameron came away empty-handed. he said jean-claude juncker is not meant to introduce reform. only the hungarian prime minister backed him. >> this is a bad day for europe. it risks undermining the position of national governments.
it risks undermining the power of national parliaments. enhanced new power to the european powers. -- it hands new power to the european powers. >> 26 of the 28 said yes to juncker. >> it was logical. it was clearly indicated the leading party should have, after the european elections, the capacity to designate the possible candidate for the presidency of the european commission. >> juncker was the candidate put forth by the conservative bloc which cannot top in european elections. after the public standoff over juncker, german chancellor angela merkel selected procedures for selecting commission president could be reviewed in the future and was keen to reach out to britain. >> it has been again made clear that the concept of a closer union as outlined in the european treaties, where we as member states moved closer together, does not mean everything needs to take place at speed. >> angela merkel and other
leaders have made it clear they want to keep britain in the european union. >> the muslim holy month of ramadan starts this weekend prompting millions around the world to embark on a day of fasting. those observing the fast refrain not only from eating and drinking during the day but also from sex, smoking, and other worldly pleasures. during the day, the focus is on good works and spirituality. the evenings are marked by communal celebratory meals to break the fast. world cup action continues today with the decisive knockout phase. hosts brazil kickoff the round of 16. they face chile, who are brimming with confidence after coming out on top of group b. the last time chile beat brazil was in a qualification game 14 years ago. they have never won against the brilliant solutions -- against
the brazilians in a world cup match. expectations and hopes on both sides are very high. >> getting warmed up for the big match. for those in the home country, the expectations are huge. brazil are taking nothing for granted. after your first conversation with the players before the match, you look at their faces and think it is all going to be ok because everything is in place. but then the match starts and you always have self-doubt. that is what we feel. this is the man brazil hopes will do away with any self-doubt. the star forward has scored four brazil's seven goals. >> they have the best offense in the world. they have the player who has played an outstanding world cup so far. >> chile are aware of the size
of the challenge but say they are confident they have what it takes. they certainly produced vibrant and attractive football. bulle team is like a pit and puts everything into the match. it will come down to who wins with the heart and wants to go all the way to the final. >> the statistics clearly favor brazil. chile has never beaten the brazilians in a world cup knockout match. the hosts are planning to keep it that way. >> u.s. singer and songwriting legend bobby womack has died at the age of 70. his career started in the 1960's with solo hits. here you see him with ronnie wood from the rolling stones. womack's collaboration with the rolling stones produced the hit "it is all over now." he had a history of drug and health problems but was during this month and had european dates in the coming weeks.
up-to-date at are this hour on "the journal." thanks for joining us. we will see you again soon. >> ♪ >> driving from the syrian capital of damascus into the countryside. wheeze to be allowed to travel all over syria. then the authorities began denying our applications for permits. they told us it was too dangerous. in reality, the government did not want us to see how bloody the civil war was. we reach homs, which used to be so beautiful. then it became the epicenter of the fighting. now is that the ruined. last walk around the old town two years ago. we are anxious to see what is left of it made -- what is left of it.
educated in orthodox monasteries in greece. he was also forced to flee for several months. says they are using all means possible to persuade people to return. they've renovated and cleaned the church as best they could. have organized aid campaigns -- they have organized aid campaigns. he points out homs is an ancient city with a christian monastery from the third century a.d. he says christians have deep roots and insists they will never leave again. the army and omnipresent secret service have syria's third-largest city back under the control, not least thanks to the firepower of the lebanese hezbollah militia. another christian parish in the center of town.
a midday meall -- donated by other neighborhoods that were not so badly affected. so far, not many christians have come back. to haps 500 people -- perhaps 500 people. those who could not imagine a life outside of homs. those who feel life in ruins is better than life in exile. those who hope for victory by bashar assad. she says her family now depends on food aid. but she does not think that will be for long. as soon as they have gas and water again, they will be able to cook for themselves. life is slowly returning to the streets of homs. for 30 years, only bomb explosions and gunfire could be heard. she is looking for work. she meets more returnees
[soft exotic flute music] ♪ captioning and audio description provided by the u.s. department of education >> bokara: i'm bokara legendre. join me and my guests: scholars and scientists, spiritual teachers, and philosophers, as we explore the boundaries of religion and metaphysics, of science and spirituality. join me and some really fascinating people as we try to figure out what life's all about and how it can have meaning for each one of us.